Abdominal swellings may be divided into generalised and localised
swellings. Abdominal swellings are a common surgical problem.
They are also frequently the subject of examination questions!
Generalised swellings are classically described as the ‘five Fs’, namely
fat, faeces, flatus, fluid or fetus. For the purpose of description
of localised swellings, the abdomen has been divided into seven
areas, i.e. right upper quadrant, left upper quadrant, epigastrium,
umbilical, right lower abdomen, left lower abdomen and suprapubic
hepatomegaly (See Differential of hepatomegaly)
Secondary to carcinoma of the head of the pancreas
Wilms’ tumour (nephroblastoma)
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